Andorra is a small country in southwestern Europe, it has no coast and is located in the eastern Pyrenees mountains. It is wedged between France and Spain. It is the sixth smallest nation in Europe having an area of 181 square miles. Its capital and largest city, Andorra la Vella, is the highest capital city in Europe, being at an elevation of 3355 feet. Andorra is divided into seven parishes.
Escaldes Engordany is one of the parishes and administrative divisions of Andorra more
Andorra is a principality and parliamentary cooperation with the President of France and the Bishop of Urgell, they are co-princes. Andorra is a parliamentary representative democracy, the Prime Minister of Andorra Head of Government, and a multiparty system. Today Andorra is politically strong connected with the European Union without being a member of it. Responsibility for defending Andorra rests with Spain and France.
There are several Romanesque churches and old houses of interest in Andorra. In Ordino there is the beautiful 12th century Romanesque Sant Corneli and Sant Cebrià church with a big bell tower. In the new Meritxell chapel, between Canillo and Encamp, is a replica of the original statue of the Lady of Meritxell . The Lady of Meritxell is the patron saint of Andorra, the apparition of the Virgin Mary has been given weight in the Andorran Roman Catholic statue The original statue dates from the late 12th century, but the statue was destroyed by fire in 1972. Encamp is a parish of Andorra, located on the Valira River , and connected by a 3.9 miles cable car to Lake Engolasters, with a beautiful view over the village with old houses. The town of Ordino is located almost exactly in the center of Andorra, at the foot of slopes Casamanya, a mountain with a spectacular view from the top.
The Madriu-Perafita-Claror Valley is the second largest basin of Andorra. The mountainous area covers many icy landscapes, cliffs and glaciers. There are also settlements where the inhabitants still live in a traditional styles in the mountains. The valley is on the World Heritage List
Andorran cuisine is mainly Catalan, but has French and Italian influences. Local dishes include rabbit cooked in tomato sauce, named cunillo. Also well known is escudella, a stew of chicken, meatballs and sausage.
Andorra is a major tourist destination in Europe, it has some great ski resorts like Soldeu, Arinsal, El Tarter and Pal. It is as ideal for less experienced people, but also for families because of the relatively gentle slopes. Andorran ski schools are among the largest in Europe. During the summer months when the snow has melted, Andorra has many hiking trails that can be explored.
The two main roads of Andorra, the CG-1, which runs from Andorra la Vella to the Spanish border, and the CG-2 to the French border via the tunnel Envalira Pas de la Casa. Between Encamp Anyós and in the neighboring parish of La Massana, there was build a tunnel , which opened in 2010, the travel time is then expected to fall from the current 30-45 minutes to 5 minutes. From Barcelona to Andorra and Barcelona Airport, and also to Toulouse and Toulouse Airport, there are often long journey of about 3 hours.
For a maximum stay of three months, you must follow France or Spain VISA rules, there are no visa requirement for Andorra. Andorra is not part of the Schengen area, so if you travel to Andorra you should make sure that your Schengen visa entitles to repeated requests, to get back across the border to Spain or France.